A holistic strategic perspective of football stakeholders

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Football clubs strive to remain competitive and sustainable in a multi-faceted industry which involves a plethora of stakeholders. Consequently, it is imperative to comprehend the industry structures, identify the stakeholders, and implement processes to manage every relationship. Although numerous studies have applied stakeholder theory in the specific field, they tend to focus on stakeholders as broad categories, overlooking the fact that various sub-categories exist as diverse entities. The aim of this study is to identify every football industry stakeholder and develop a strategic stakeholder framework from the club perspective. Methodologically the research relies on an extensive theoretical examination of stakeholder theory, through the explication and evaluation of its development over the last forty years. The findings enhance the theory itself in a context that until now was in its infancy and provide solid foundations to practitioners to delineate the synergies and implement principles on how to constructively manage these relationships.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)349-377
JournalJournal of International Business and Entrepreneurship Development
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • Football industry
  • Strategic development
  • Stakeholder theory
  • Football management
  • Stakeholder management
  • Stakeholder framework
  • Stakeholder synergy


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