Action of an HMG CoA reductase inhibitor, lovastatin, on apoptosis of untransformed and ts-SV40 transformed human smooth muscle cells derived from saphenous vein

Sebnem Unlu, Gerard Clunn, M. Schachter, Catherine Demoliou-Mason, Alan D. Hughes

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9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effect of lovastatin, an inhibitor of 3-hydroxymethyl-3-glutaryl coenzyme A (HMG CoA) reductase, was examined on human vascular smooth muscle cells (HVSMC). Untransformed HVSMC were obtained from saphenous vein and in addition an SV-40 transformed immortalized cell line (HVTs-SM1) derived from saphenous vein smooth muscle was also used. HVTs-SM1 cell proliferation and DNA synthesis were measured, and cell cycle analysis was performed by flow cytometry. Apoptosis in both cell types was assessed by a combination of flow cytometry, terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TUNEL) reagent-based immunocytochemistry, DAPI staining, and DNA agarose gel electrophoresis. Lovastatin had no effect on apoptosis of HVSMC over 96 h in serum-free conditions or after stimulation with platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF-BB), although PDGF-BB increased apoptosis in HVSMC, and this was prevented by lovastatin. In HVTs-SM1 cells lovastatin inhibited cell proliferation and DNA synthesis and induced apoptosis in a time- and concentration-dependent manner. The effects of lovastatin on cell proliferation, DNA synthesis, and apoptosis were prevented by co-incubation with mevalonate and geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate, but not by farnesyl pyrophosphate. Lovastatin does not induce apoptosis in saphenous vein HVSMC in culture and inhibits PDGF-BB-induced DNA synthesis and apoptosis. In contrast, in SV40 transformed immortalized HVTs-SM1 cells, lovastatin induces apoptosis and inhibits cell proliferation and DNA synthesis. The pro-apoptotic effects of lovastatin in SV40 transformed HVTs-SM1 cells may be related to the enhanced rate of proliferation or deregulation of the cell cycle in this cell line.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-173
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
Volume38
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • HMG CoA reductase
  • Lovastatin
  • Proliferation
  • SV40
  • Vascular smooth muscle

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