Angry thoughts predict stress & health among college students in Mumbai, India

Sonia Suchday, Jennifer P. Friedberg, Maureen Almeida, Kevin T. Larkin, Marios N. Adonis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The current study examined whether cognitions that accompany the experience of anger are similar among people from the US and India. Asian Indian participants were administered the Anger Cognitions Inventory, a self-report measure assessing cognitions associated with resentful and reflective anger that was previously validated in a sample from the US. Results indicated that there were five subscales in the Asian Indian sample; although there were some differences in the specific items that comprise the five subscales, the overall categories described by the subscales are similar in both cultures. Cognitions defining resentful anger were positively associated with poor physical health, hostility, and stress, whereas self-statements indicative of reflective anger were not related to any of these variables. Cognitive self-statements may exacerbate the experience of anger and subjective distress regardless of culture.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)559-572
Number of pages14
JournalCognitive Therapy and Research
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2007


  • Anger
  • Cognitions
  • Health
  • India
  • Rumination
  • Stress


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