Assessing the significance of employee flexibility and organization policy for survival of organizations during turbulent conditions

Ranjan Chaudhuri, Balakrishna Grandhi, Demetris Vrontis, Sheshadri Chatterjee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: The purpose of this study is to assess the significance of employee work flexibility and the policy of the organization for survival during any crisis. This study also investigates the moderating role of leadership support (LS) during such turbulent conditions. Design/methodology/approach: This study has used literature from the fields of organization performance, human resources and organization policy (OP), along with the theories of resource-based view (RBV) and dynamic capability view (DCV) to develop a conceptual model. Later, the conceptual model is validated using the structural equation modeling technique. The study used a survey method with a sample of 311 participants. These participants are employed as human resource managers (HRM) and other supportive workforce at different levels in the organizations. Findings: The study shows that innovativeness and employee flexibility (EFL) are critical toward organizations’ survival during any crisis. Also, the study highlights the importance of OP and LS for the survival of organizations during and after any turbulent condition. Research limitations/implications: This study provides valuable inputs to the leadership teams of organizations, especially HRM. This research also provides food for thought for policymakers and researchers in the field of organizational performance. This study also contributes to the overall body of literature on organization analysis and extends the literature on RBV and DCV. Originality/value: The study adds value to the overall body of literature on organization performance and capabilities along with human resource management. Few studies have nurtured issues on EFL during turbulent conditions. Also, there are limited studies in the areas of OP such as favorable and unfavorable policies toward employees. Thus, this study can be considered unique. Moreover, the study investigates the moderating role of LS which adds value toward the body of literature on organizational leadership capability.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Organizational Analysis
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2023


  • Flexibility
  • Innovation
  • Leadership support
  • Organization policy
  • Turbulence condition


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