Changes in mouse mu opioid receptor exon 7/8-like immunoreactivity following food restriction and food deprivation in rats

Maria M. Hadjimarkou, Catherine Abbadie, Lora J. Kasselman, Ying Xian Pan, Gavril W. Pasternak, Richard J. Bodnar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Opioid agonists and antagonists respectively increase and decrease food intake. That selective mu opioid antagonists are more effective than antisense probes directed against the mu opioid receptor (MOR-1) gene in reducing deprivation-induced feeding suggests a role for isoforms. Both food restriction and deprivation alter protein and mRNA levels of opioid peptides and receptors. Antisera directed against Exon 4 of the MOR-1-like immunoreactivity (LI) (Exon 4) clone or directed against mouse Exons 7/8 (mE7/8-LI) revealed high levels of immunoreactivity in brain nuclei related to feeding behavior. Therefore, the present study assessed MOR-1LI and mE7/8-LI in hypothalamic and extrahypothalamic sites in rats exposed to ad libitum feeding, food restriction (2, 7, 14 days), or food deprivation (24, 48 h). MOR-1-LI displayed robust reactivity, but was insensitive to food restriction or deprivation. mE7/8-LI, both in terms of cell counts and relative optical density, was significantly and selectively increased in the dorsal and ventral parvocellular subdivisions of the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus in food-restricted (14 days) rats, but all other restriction or deprivation regimens were ineffective in other hypothalamic nuclei. In contrast, significant and site-specific decreases in relative optical density in the rostral part of the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) were observed in food-restricted (2, 7 days) or food-deprived (24, 48 h) animals, but these regimens were ineffective in the other extrahypothalamic sites. This study indicates the sensitivity of this mE7/8-LI probe in the hypothalamic parvocellular paraventricular nucleus and rostral NTS to food restriction and deprivation in rats.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)585-597
Number of pages13
JournalSynapse
Volume63
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2009

Keywords

  • Nucleus tractus solitarius
  • Opioids
  • Paraventricular hypothalamic nucleus

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