Chronos in synchronicity: Manifestations of the psychoid reality

Angeliki Yiassemides

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)


Jung's most obvious time-related concept is synchronicity. Yet, even though 'time' is embedded in it (chronos) there has been no systematic treatment of the time factor. Jung himself avoided dealing explicitly with the concept of time in synchronicity, in spite of its temporal assumptions and implications. In this paper the role of time in synchronicity is examined afresh, locating it in the context of meaning and relating it to the psychoid archetype. Synchronicity is viewed as an expression of the psychoid; the vital parameter for the elucidation of this link appears to be time. The author argues that the psychoid rests on relative time which Jung deemed transcendent. The existence of two different uses of the word 'time' in Jung's opus are emphasized: fixed time that dominates consciousness and relative time that exists in the psyche at large. Since consciousness cannot grasp the psychoid's temporality it de-relativizes time; examples of this 'behaviour' of time can be observed in instances of synchronicity. It is thus argued that synchronicity demonstrates by analogy the nature of the psychoid archetype. Jung's quaternio, as it developed via his communication with Pauli, is also examined in light of the above presented 'time theory'.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)451-470
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Analytical Psychology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2011


  • Chronos
  • Meaning
  • Pauli
  • Psychoid
  • Quaternio
  • Synchronicity
  • Time
  • Unus mundus

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