Comparison of three different instructional methods on teaching the skill of shooting in basketball

N. Vernadakis, P. Antoniou, E. Zetou, E. Kioumourtzoglou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of traditional instruction (TI), computer - assisted instruction (CAI) and mixed instruction (MI) methods on learning the skill of shooting in basketball. The participants were 48 middle school students of seventh and eighth grade, aged 12-14 years old, who were randomly assigned into three teaching method groups: TI, CAI and MI. Each group received ten 45min periods of instruction. A 10-item multiple-choice knowledge test and a skill test were utilised to measure learning. The result indicated: a) all the instructional groups performed similarly with significant learning from pre-test to post-test, b) there were no significant differences between the groups concerning the knowledge and skill test, c) the mixed method as a teaching aid tended to be the most effective for cognitive learning and skill development. However, no significant differences were indicated between methods of instruction on this particular shooting ability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)421-440
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Human Movement Studies
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2004


  • Basketball shooting
  • Instructional technology
  • Motor skill
  • Multimedia application
  • Traditional instruction


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