Cosmetics: History, products, industry, legislation, regulations and implications in public health

Irini Soulioti, Marianna Diomidous, Helen Theodosopoulou, Nausica Violaki, Helen Plessa, Martha Charalambidou, John Pistolis, Stavros T. Plessas

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The use of cosmetics is rapidly increasing on an international scale. This has subsequently brought about an increase in the production of new raw materials as well as the manufacturing of new kinds of cosmetics which are being used by beauticians today. At the same time, this has led to the development of research in to the positive and the negative effects of both the raw materials and the final products. Nowadays, the raw materials used for the manufacturing of cosmetics are composed of basic substances. Scientific research has proved that many of them can cause various problems such as allergic dermatitis, acute inflammation dermatitis etc. For this reason, laws have passed that ban the use of certain substances and or limit the percentage of usage some others. This list grows longer each and every day because of the continuing production of new substances. This ends up in a vicious circle as new substances have already been produced by the time the ban of the older ones has been put in to effect. This situation has triggered some manufactures to turn to the production. This production is in compliance with the legislation regarding on the one hand organic and ecological products and on the other hand consumer rights protection. Theses products have significant positive effects, not excluding of course the case of intolerance by some users. Before being released to the market, these products are formally marked as organic-natural and totally ecological. (2013)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5-15
Number of pages11
JournalReview of Clinical Pharmacology and Pharmacokinetics, International Edition
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2013


  • Animal testing
  • Cosmeceuticals
  • Cosmetic industry
  • Cosmetics
  • Cosmetics international certifications bureau
  • Ethics
  • History
  • Ingredients
  • Legislation
  • Mineral cosmetics
  • Natural skin care
  • Organic and natural ingredients
  • Products
  • Regulation
  • Safety


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