In a series of two experiments we tested music listening preference opinions of 1093 participants in Brazil, Greece, Japan, Portugal and the United States using a listening test composed of jazz, popular, and art music excerpts that represented stronger or weaker presentations of rhythmic beat. Listener ages ranged from 9 to 13 years, and sex was fairly evenly distributed in each country. Effect of beat strength was a highly significant influence on music listening preference, with music that had a stronger rhythmic beat receiving consistently higher preference ratings. There were significant interactions between beat strength and country, beat strength and sex, and country and sex. Among the main effects, beat strength accounted for 34% and country accounted for 2% of preference variation in this study. Interactions of beat strength and country, beat strength and sex, and country and sex accounted for 12%, 9%, and 2% of preference variation respectively.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Bulletin of the Council for Research in Music Education|
|Publication status||Published - 2002|