Effects of food allergy on the dietary habits and intake of primary schools’ cypriot children

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Abstract

Aim. To determine whether food allergy affects overall dietary intake and food choices in Cypriot primary school children. Methods. As part of the first epidemiological study in Cyprus on food allergy in primary school children, two 24-hour recalls (one from a week and one from a weekend day) of twenty-eight food allergic children (21 girls) and thirty healthy children (20 girls) aged 6-11 years old, were analysed and compared regarding their macro-and micronutrient content, food choices and meal distribution. Results. Significant differences between the two subgroups of children were estimated regarding the total energy intake and macronutrients, where food allergic children were found to consume in lower quantities, as well as for calcium, niacin, fiber and vitamin E. Food allergic children were also found to avoid combining foods from the various food groups in their meals, and to prefer specific food products from each category, whereas they consumed higher amounts of sugar and fructose. Conclusion. Food allergy in Cypriot food allergic children impacts on both the quality and quantity of food choices, probably due to lack of nutritional education regarding proper elimination diet and alternative nutrient sources.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-185
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Volume49
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Elimination diet
  • Food allergy
  • Food choices
  • Primary school children
  • Quality of life

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