Emotional exhaustion, absenteeism, and turnover intentions in childcare teachers: Examining the impact of physical activity behaviors

Russell L. Carson, Jennifer J. Baumgartner, Russell A. Matthews, Costas N. Tsouloupas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Drawing on Salmon's (2001) unifying theory of the beneficial effects of physical exercise, we examined physical activity behaviors as an important, but understudied, buffer against experiences of emotional exhaustion, absenteeism, and turnover intentions in 189 childcare teachers. Structural equation modeling revealed that workplace and leisure-time physical activity were negatively related to emotional exhaustion, which in turn, was positively related to teacher migration and attrition intentions. Post-hoc analyses revealed indirect (mediated) effects between physical activity behaviors and teacher turnover intentions via emotional exhaustion. This theoretically driven model fit the data better than an alternative model whereby emotional exhaustion predicts physical activity behaviors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)905-914
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Health Psychology
Volume15
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2010

Keywords

  • activity
  • attrition
  • care giving
  • migration
  • teacher burnout

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