Endocrine check-up in adolescents and indications for referral: A guide for health care providers

Vincenzo De Sanctis, Ashraf Soliman, Bernadette Fiscina, Heba Elsedfy, Rania Elalaily, Mohamed Yassin, Nicos Skordis, Salvatore Di Maio, Giorgio Piacentini, Mohamed Kholy

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that young people between the ages of 11 and 21 years should be seen annually by their pediatricians, since annual checkups can be an important opportunity for health evaluation and anticipatory guidance. Parents of infants and young children are accustomed to regularly visiting a pediatrician for their child′s checkups. Unfortunately, when children reach the teen years, these annual checkups may decrease in frequency. In routine check-ups and medical office visits, particular attention should be paid to the possibility of a developmental or endocrine disorder. Early diagnosis and treatment may prevent medical complications in adulthood and foster age-appropriate development. Our purpose is to acquaint readers with the concept, based on current scientific understanding, that some endocrine disorders may be associated with a wide range of deleterious health consequences including an increased risk of hypertension and hyperlipidemia, increased risk of coronary artery disease, type 2 diabetes, significant anxiety and lack of self-esteem. Understanding the milestones and developmental stages of adolescence is essential for pediatricians and all other health providers who care for adolescents. Treating adolescents involves knowledge of a variety of medical, social and legal information; in addition, close working relationships must be established within the adolescent′s network to create an effective care system. In summary, we underline the importance of a periodic endocrine checkup in adolescents in order to identify endocrine problems early and develop an approach to treatment for those patients who need help during this time. Indications for endocrine referral for professional and other healthcare providers are also included. These lists are clearly not intended to be comprehensive, but will hopefully serve as a guide for specific clinical circumstances.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S26-S38
JournalIndian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Adolescent medicine
  • check-up
  • endocrine disorders
  • health care

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    De Sanctis, V., Soliman, A., Fiscina, B., Elsedfy, H., Elalaily, R., Yassin, M., Skordis, N., Di Maio, S., Piacentini, G., & Kholy, M. (2014). Endocrine check-up in adolescents and indications for referral: A guide for health care providers. Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism, 18, S26-S38. https://doi.org/10.4103/2230-8210.145055