Energy harvesting for sensors in infrastructure monitoring and maintenance

Bo Han, Antonis Kalis, Constantionos Papadias, Rohan Soman, Marios Kyriakides, Toula Onoufriou, Rasmus Nielsen, Ramjee Prasad

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


Infrastructure monitoring and maintenance needs various kinds of sensors; all these sensors are expected to have long lifetime and self- maintenance and not be replaced. For non-destructive infrastructure monitoring, these sensors should be wireless, however, wireless sensors have an inherent problem on energy efficiency and energy consumption. Thus, how to power sensors efficiently or how to design a self-powered sensor is a key issue to this problem. Energy harvesting technique emerges as a new direction on getting power from environment. Piezoelectric and electromagnetic harvesting methods on vibration are analysed in this paper, and a low cost self-powered conversion circuit is modelled and simulated. Other kinds of energy harvesting are also briefly compared with those two methods; the solar-electric, vibration-electric, thermal-electric and electromagnetic-electric energy harvesting methods are briefly compared in this paper.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAssessment, Upgrading and Refurbishment of Infrastructures
PublisherInternational Association for Bridge and Structural Engineering (IABSE)
ISBN (Electronic)9783857481239
Publication statusPublished - 2013
EventIABSE Workshop on Assessment, Upgrading and Refurbishment of Infrastructures - Rotterdam, Netherlands
Duration: 6 May 20138 May 2013


OtherIABSE Workshop on Assessment, Upgrading and Refurbishment of Infrastructures


  • Energy harvesting
  • Low Voltage Multiplier
  • Power efficiency converter
  • Structural Health Monitoring
  • Wireless sensor


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