Energy securitization and desecuritization in the New Middle East

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This article uses the theoretical framework of securitization in order to analyse the concurrent developments of, on the one hand, the Arab Spring and the resulting ascendance of a New Middle East and North Africa and, on the other, the discovery of natural gas resources by a number of states in the region. Furthermore, we use these developments as tests of the theory, in the process highlighting a number of criticisms that have been levelled against securitization and that are exemplified by these recent empirical events. We examine the outcomes of the Arab Spring as a process of contestation and as an avenue for the promotion of alternative discourses through the emergence of new political actors, institutions and state relations in the region. At the same time, we identify the underexploration of energy securitization in the literature and the need for a cross-sectoral approach for the referent object of energy in the widened security agenda. Ultimately, the article presents the argument that each of the two sets of developments affects the other, thereby transforming the environment within which securitization and desecuritization may result.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)507-522
Number of pages16
JournalSecurity Dialogue
Volume44
Issue number5-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2013

Fingerprint

Middle East
energy
North Africa
East Africa
natural gas
political actor
criticism
promotion
event
discourse
resources
Arab Spring
literature

Keywords

  • Arab Spring
  • energy security
  • natural gas
  • sectors
  • securitization

Cite this

@article{1e78cad8d3574d419f6295088d8033f6,
title = "Energy securitization and desecuritization in the New Middle East",
abstract = "This article uses the theoretical framework of securitization in order to analyse the concurrent developments of, on the one hand, the Arab Spring and the resulting ascendance of a New Middle East and North Africa and, on the other, the discovery of natural gas resources by a number of states in the region. Furthermore, we use these developments as tests of the theory, in the process highlighting a number of criticisms that have been levelled against securitization and that are exemplified by these recent empirical events. We examine the outcomes of the Arab Spring as a process of contestation and as an avenue for the promotion of alternative discourses through the emergence of new political actors, institutions and state relations in the region. At the same time, we identify the underexploration of energy securitization in the literature and the need for a cross-sectoral approach for the referent object of energy in the widened security agenda. Ultimately, the article presents the argument that each of the two sets of developments affects the other, thereby transforming the environment within which securitization and desecuritization may result.",
keywords = "Arab Spring, energy security, natural gas, sectors, securitization",
author = "Odysseas Christou and Constantinos Adamides",
year = "2013",
month = "10",
doi = "10.1177/0967010613499786",
language = "English",
volume = "44",
pages = "507--522",
journal = "Security Dialogue",
issn = "0967-0106",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Ltd",
number = "5-6",

}

Energy securitization and desecuritization in the New Middle East. / Christou, Odysseas; Adamides, Constantinos.

In: Security Dialogue, Vol. 44, No. 5-6, 10.2013, p. 507-522.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Energy securitization and desecuritization in the New Middle East

AU - Christou, Odysseas

AU - Adamides, Constantinos

PY - 2013/10

Y1 - 2013/10

N2 - This article uses the theoretical framework of securitization in order to analyse the concurrent developments of, on the one hand, the Arab Spring and the resulting ascendance of a New Middle East and North Africa and, on the other, the discovery of natural gas resources by a number of states in the region. Furthermore, we use these developments as tests of the theory, in the process highlighting a number of criticisms that have been levelled against securitization and that are exemplified by these recent empirical events. We examine the outcomes of the Arab Spring as a process of contestation and as an avenue for the promotion of alternative discourses through the emergence of new political actors, institutions and state relations in the region. At the same time, we identify the underexploration of energy securitization in the literature and the need for a cross-sectoral approach for the referent object of energy in the widened security agenda. Ultimately, the article presents the argument that each of the two sets of developments affects the other, thereby transforming the environment within which securitization and desecuritization may result.

AB - This article uses the theoretical framework of securitization in order to analyse the concurrent developments of, on the one hand, the Arab Spring and the resulting ascendance of a New Middle East and North Africa and, on the other, the discovery of natural gas resources by a number of states in the region. Furthermore, we use these developments as tests of the theory, in the process highlighting a number of criticisms that have been levelled against securitization and that are exemplified by these recent empirical events. We examine the outcomes of the Arab Spring as a process of contestation and as an avenue for the promotion of alternative discourses through the emergence of new political actors, institutions and state relations in the region. At the same time, we identify the underexploration of energy securitization in the literature and the need for a cross-sectoral approach for the referent object of energy in the widened security agenda. Ultimately, the article presents the argument that each of the two sets of developments affects the other, thereby transforming the environment within which securitization and desecuritization may result.

KW - Arab Spring

KW - energy security

KW - natural gas

KW - sectors

KW - securitization

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84885206379&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0967010613499786

DO - 10.1177/0967010613499786

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84885206379

VL - 44

SP - 507

EP - 522

JO - Security Dialogue

JF - Security Dialogue

SN - 0967-0106

IS - 5-6

ER -