This article uses the theoretical framework of securitization in order to analyse the discovery of natural gas resources by a number of states in the Eastern Mediterranean region. We use the developments in bilateral relations among pairs of states in the region as empirical tests of the theories; we identify the under-exploration of energy securitization in the literature and the need for a cross-sectoral approach for the referent object of energy in the widened security agenda by analysing the effects of energy-related developments on existing securitization relations. By comparatively assessing dynamics in these bilateral relations prior to and following the discovery of significant quantities of natural gas reserves in the region, the paper analyses the introduction and effect of energy as an exogenous parameter on the securitization relations among the various states. The paper ultimately illustrates that energy as a referent object introduces a multiplier effect to the level of securitization in existing state relations both in the positive and negative directions.
|Title of host publication||Societies in Transition|
|Subtitle of host publication||Economic, Political and Security Transformations in Contemporary Europe|
|Publisher||Springer International Publishing|
|Number of pages||17|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2015|