Introduction: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a rare, rapidly progressive neurodegenerative disease. Despite wide variability in the incidence and prevalence of ALS, there is evidence of positive temporal trends and an increase in incidence with age. The aim of this study was to conduct a detailed epidemiological investigation of ALS in Cyprus. Methods: All registered Cypriot ALS patients in the Republic of Cyprus from January 1985 until December 2014 were included. Socio-demographic information was extracted from patient files. Results: The study identified 179 ALS patients, of whom 7 had a positive family history. The mean age at onset was 58.6 years and a slight male predominance was observed. Average annual crude incidence was 1.26 cases/100,000 person-years and at the beginning of 2015, prevalence of ALS was 7.9 cases/100,000 population. Both incidence and prevalence displayed an increasing trend, even after age-standardization of incidence rates. Conclusions: Incidence, prevalence and main socio-demographic characteristics of ALS in Cyprus were similar to those of other European countries, without any geographic clustering of the disease. Additionally, an increased incidence through the years was confirmed. However, observations such as a higher male prevalence and a younger mean age of onset compared to published literature require further investigation.
- Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
- Geographic clustering