Fetal electrocardiogram: ST waveform analysis in intrapartum surveillance

I. Amer-Wahlin, S. Arulkumaran, H. Hagberg, K. Maršál, G. H A Visser

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

92 Citations (Scopus)


ST waveform analysis of fetal electrocardiogram (ECG) for intrapartum surveillance (STAN) is a newly introduced method for fetal surveillance. The purpose of this commentary is to assist in the proper use of fetal ECG in combination with cardiotocography (CTG) during labour. Guidelines and recommendations concerning CTG and ST waveform interpretation and classification are stated that were agreed on by the European experts on ST waveform analysis for intrapartum surveillance during a meeting in Utretcht, the Netherlands in January 2007.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1191-1193
Number of pages3
JournalBJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2007


  • Fetal ECG
  • Guidelines
  • Intrapartum surveillance
  • ST waveform analysis


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