Global Perceptions of Women on Breast Cancer and Barriers to Screening

Mariah Mascara, Constantina Constantinou

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Purpose of Review: Breast cancer (BC) is a public health dilemma across the globe and a leading cause of mortality for women. Approximately 2.1 million newly diagnosed female BC cases occurred in 2018, comprising nearly 1 in 4 cancer cases among women. When BC is recognized in its early stages, successful treatment results can be achieved. Therefore, screening for BC is of paramount significance and routine screening mammography has been shown to be effective in reducing mortality from BC. Despite being considered a global health issue, national screening programmes are offered only in developed countries and BC is still often diagnosed in advanced stages. Recent Findings: Disparities in screening exist not only between different countries but also between local and immigrant populations within a particular country. Low screening is attributed to low public awareness as well as numerous social, psychological, and geographical barriers to screening. Summary: This review addresses (a) the differences in BC awareness and screening across the globe, (b) the most important barriers and facilitators to screening, and (c) the potential role of health education programmes to increase BC awareness and promote BC screening programmes with the ultimate goal to achieve earlier stage diagnosis of BC.

Original languageEnglish
Article number74
JournalCurrent Oncology Reports
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Awareness
  • Breast cancer
  • Mammography
  • Prevention
  • Screening


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