Grading profiles of high school physical educators: A cluster analysis

D. Chatzopoulos, V. Derri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The purpose of the present study was (a) to investigate how Greek high school physical educators use student performance and/or improvement to grade students scores in a skill test and (b) to identify which additional criteria they emphasise in the grading process. One hundred and forty-eight high school physical educators were asked to grade fictitious high school students according to their scores on a skill test and to mention the grading criteria they use. Cluster analysis showed that (a) teachers can be classified in different groups, according to the way they use student performance and improvement in their grading practices, and (b) most of them emphasised on student performance. It was also revealed that the above groups of educators use different additional grading criteria. The lack of a common form of grading causes objectivity and validity problems in grading of physical education and affects negatively the importance of the class in the school system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-73
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Human Movement Studies
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2004


  • Grading practices
  • Student improvement
  • Student performance


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