Habitual physical activity and motor function in an urban greek elderly population

M. Michaolpoulou, V. Zisi, P. Malliou, E. Kioumourtzoglou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The present study assessed the relation of habitual physical activity and age with certain aspects of motor performance important for everyday functioning. These aspects were the muscular strength, flexibility, reaction time and balance in a sample of elderly urban Greeks. Thirty women and 23 men (aged M = 68.5 ± 7.5 years) volunteered for assessment of their physical fitness. Habitual physical activity was assessed using the Baecke Questionnaire for older adults (Voorpis et al, 1991). Laboratory instruments were used for the assessment of simple, choice and whole body reaction time. Flexibility, static and dynamic balance were assessed using specific field tests, while strength measurements consisted of the evaluation of isokinetic muscle strength of upper and lower limbs, as well as grip strength. Statistical analysis of the data indicated significant correlations (p<0.05) of habitual physical activity with grip strength (r=0.44) and lower limb muscular strength (flexion, r= 0.39 and extension r=.40). No other significant correlations were noted. The age of subjects was significantly correlated with choice reaction time (r=.61) and flexibility (r= 0.61). The findings of the present study are probably attributed to the specific activity patterns and motor habits adopted and maintained by the population. The need for targeted training on these aspects and especially on flexibility, which is substantially impaired with advancing age, is apparent.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)519-530
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Human Movement Studies
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2004


  • Aging
  • Balance
  • Flexibility
  • Physical activity
  • Reaction time
  • Strength


Dive into the research topics of 'Habitual physical activity and motor function in an urban greek elderly population'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this