Head Trauma After Instrumental Births

Stergios K. Doumouchtsis, Sabaratnam Arulkumaran

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Instrumental vaginal delivery involves the use of the vacuum extractor or obstetric forceps to facilitate delivery of the fetus. It is associated with substantial risk of head injury, including hemorrhage, fractures, and, rarely, brain damage or fetal death. This review article describes the different types, etiology, pathophysiology, risk factors, and clinical features of head trauma after instrumental birth, along with their management and prevention strategies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-83
Number of pages15
JournalClinics in Perinatology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2008


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