Health Beliefs and Practice of Breast Self-Examination Among Young Cypriot Women

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Purpose: Breast cancer is the leading form of cancer affecting Cypriot women. This study is aimed at examining the factors influencing the choice of Cypriot women to perform breast self-examination (BSE). Design: A cross-sectional, descriptive, and correlational study, with a sample of 94 young Cypriot women, was conducted. Method: The Greek version of Champion's Health Belief Model was used. Various statistical tests were implemented. Findings: Almost all women (91.5%) had heard about BSE, and 71.3% had performed it sometime in the past. The susceptibility factor was significant in influencing women's behavior, while barriers and self-confidence were associated with practicing BSE. Knowledge on BSE and a high level of education were positively related with the frequency of practicing BSE. Conclusions: Proper education on BSE is important in shaping young women's attitudes. Any related health strategy should consider the concepts of Health Belief Model, especially the factors that make a female susceptible to breast cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)180-188
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Transcultural Nursing
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2013


  • behavior
  • breast cancer screening
  • breast self-examination
  • Health Belief Model
  • perceptions


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