Hybrid Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing with Subcarrier Number Modulation

Jun Li, Shuping Dang, Miaowen Wen, Shahid Mumtaz, Qiang Li, Constandinos X. Mavromoustakis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


In this paper, we propose a hybrid OFDM-SNM scheme, named joint-mapping OFDM-SNM (JM-OFDM-SNM), to avoid transmitting variable lengths of information bits. In JM-OFDM-SNM, the signal vectors are generated by jointly considering subcarrier activation patterns and constellation symbols. To relieve the high computational complexity of the optimal maximum-likelihood (ML) detection, we design a low-complexity detection method via resorting to the log-likelihood ratio criterion. We also analyze the upper bound on the bit error rate of JM-OFDM-SNM. To further enhance the utilization of frequency resource, we propose a more general scheme, named adaptive JM-OFDM-SNM (AJM-OFDM-SNM), to accommodate the constellation orders for different numbers of activated subcarriers. Simulation results show that AJM-OFDM-SNM achieves better performance than both JM-OFDM-SNM and OFDM-SNM at the same spectral efficiency. The low-complexity detection method of JM-OFDM-SNM achieves very close performance to the optimal ML detection, and the theoretical curves well match the simulation curves in the high signal-to-noise ratio region.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationICC 2021 - IEEE International Conference on Communications, Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781728171227
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021
Externally publishedYes
Event2021 IEEE International Conference on Communications, ICC 2021 - Virtual, Online, Canada
Duration: 14 Jun 202123 Jun 2021

Publication series

NameIEEE International Conference on Communications
ISSN (Print)1550-3607


Conference2021 IEEE International Conference on Communications, ICC 2021
CityVirtual, Online


  • bit error rate (BER)
  • low-complexity detection
  • Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM)
  • subcarrier number modulation


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