Impact of firm's intellectual capital on firm performance: a study of Indian firms and the moderating effects of age and gender

Sheshadri Chatterjee, Ranjan Chaudhuri, Alkis Thrassou, Georgia Sakka

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    1 Citation (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to empirically examine the impact of Indian firms' intellectual capital on firm performance, as well as the moderating effects of age and gender therein. Design/methodology/approach: The research initially develops a theoretical model, through extant works and theories, which is subsequently empirically validated using the partial least square structural equation modeling technique with 328 respondents from 12 Indian firms. Findings: The study concludes that specific dimensions of firms' intellectual capital, including structural capital, human capital and customer capital, positively and significantly impact firm performance, which in turn provides the firm competitive advantages. The study also finds that there are significant moderating effects of age and gender on the relationship between firm's intellectual capital and firm performance. Research limitations/implications: Further to its evident contribution to scholarly knowledge and its provision of a validated model, which could be used in other emerging and developed markets as well, the research provides valuable practicable directions to firm executives regarding the importance and utilization of the structural, human and customer capital in improving firm performance and strengthening its competitive edge. Originality/value: The study adds valuable knowledge to the body of literature on intellectual capital, through its explicit empirical findings, as well as through its focus on the significant emerging market of India.

    Original languageEnglish
    JournalJournal of Intellectual Capital
    DOIs
    Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

    Keywords

    • Age
    • Customer capital
    • Emerging markets
    • Firm performance
    • Gender
    • Human capital
    • India
    • Intellectual capital
    • Structural capital

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