This paper presents results of emissions modelling of options for the development of hydrogen infrastructure to supply fuel cell buses in London. The options considered for the infrastructure are production from natural gas or electricity at the refuelling site, from natural gas or municipal waste within London using short distribution pipelines, and large-scale production from natural gas, distributed in liquid form. These results show that while renewable electrolysis is the only zero-emission pathway considered, all of the hydrogen pathways would lead to significant reduction in the emission of nitrous oxides and particulates, compared to the diesel fleet. The pathway with the lowest CO2 emissions, other than renewable electrolysis, is production via the gasification of waste, which results in a 75% reduction in CO2 emissions. All three natural gas pathways would yield some improvement compared to the diesel fleet, though grid electrolysis would increase CO2 emissions.
|Title of host publication||16th World Hydrogen Energy Conference 2006, WHEC 2006|
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 2006|
|Event||16th World Hydrogen Energy Conference 2006, WHEC 2006 - Lyon, France|
Duration: 13 Jun 2006 → 16 Jun 2006
|Other||16th World Hydrogen Energy Conference 2006, WHEC 2006|
|Period||13/06/06 → 16/06/06|