Using immunohistochemistry, Western blot analysis, and RT-polymerase chain reaction, we studied the distribution of neuregulin-1 splice variant α (NRG-1α) and one of its putative receptors, ErbB-4 tyrosine kinase, in human brain. In the pre- and perinatal human brain immunoreactivity was confined to numerous neurons, with the highest cell density found in cortical gray matter, hypothalamus and cerebellum. In the adult brain, single cortical gray and white matter neurons showed NRG-1α immunoreactivity. Occasionally, immunoreactive oligodendrocytes were observed. NRG-1α-expressing neurons were also found in the hypothalamus, hippocampus, basal ganglia and brain stem. Application of two antibodies recognizing α and β isoforms revealed a different distribution pattern in that many cortical and hippocampal pyramidal neurons were labeled. ErbB-4 immunoreactivity was expressed in both neurons and oligodendrocytes. Our data show that NRG-1α expression is lower in the adult human brain than in the developing brain, and, therefore, support a role for NRG-1α in brain development.
|Number of pages||14|
|Journal||Brain Research Bulletin|
|Publication status||Published - 15 May 2006|
- Adult human brain
- Developing human brain