Microfluidic systems for in situ formation of nylon 6,6 membranes

J. Gargiuli, E. Shapiro, H. Gulhane, G. Nair, D. Drikakis, P. Vadgama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A microfluidics based, localised formation of nylon 6,6 membranes has been undertaken. The study demonstrates the feasibility of maintaining stable aqueous/organic interfaces for xylene within simple linear flow channels. Glass fabricated structures were used with adipoyl chloride and hexamethylenediamine in the organic and aqueous phases, respectively, in order to achieve nylon 6,6 interfacial polymerisation. Localised membrane formation was investigated in flow channels of different geometries over a wide range of flow rates (500-4000 μl/min), with Reynolds numbers ranging from 8.4 to 67.2. The results demonstrate that interfacial polymerisation occurs consistently over a wide range of flow rates and of flow entry angles for dual aqueous/organic solvent input. However, creation of uniform planar film structures required careful optimisation, and these were best achieved at 2000 μl/min with a flow entry angle of 45°. The resulting membranes had thicknesses in the range between 100 and 300 μm. Computational modelling of the aqueous/organic flow was performed in order to characterise flow stability and wall shear-stress patterns. The flow arrangement establishes a principle for the fabrication of micromembrane structures designed for low sample volume separation, where the forming reaction is a facile and rapid interfacial process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)257-265
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 5 Oct 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • In situ formation
  • Interfacial reaction
  • Membranes
  • Microfluidics
  • Nylon


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