Natural disaster-Environmental health preparedness

Paolo Lauriola, Giovanni Leonardi, Elena Righi, Tesfaye M. Bayleyegn, Amy Helene Schnall, Josephine Malilay, Soulla Louca, Behrooz Behbod

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

    3 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This article will summarize a short, simple and comprehensive description of natural disaster preparedness and response, focusing on: • What they are in terms of qualitative and quantitative perspectives; • How they can be addressed in terms of prevention and management; • Innovations that may be piloted, evaluated, adopted, and diffused if appropriate. Public health agencies have a responsibility to prevent, prepare, and respond to incidents causing widespread population exposure to extreme events including disasters. Progress in disaster risk reduction (DRR) research has shown that it is often not the hazard that determines a disaster, but the vulnerability, exposure, and ability of the population to anticipate, respond to, and recover from its effects. When faced with an environmental health disaster, the following must be taken into account: - Preparedness is vital in addition to response; - The main aim must be prevention of disasters in the first place (i.e., DRR); - There are a range of available and innovative tools that can be used by the public health practitioners and researchers in this field; and - Effective prevention, preparedness, and response efforts require interdisciplinary collaborations, such as public health, healthcare, science, engineering, law, architecture, economy, journalism, sociology, psychology, and the arts.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Environmental Health
    PublisherElsevier
    Pages563-573
    Number of pages11
    ISBN (Electronic)9780444639523
    ISBN (Print)9780444639516
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

    Keywords

    • Blockchain
    • CASPER
    • Cluster sampling
    • Disaster
    • Environmental health
    • Environmental health public tracking
    • Epidemiology
    • Health register
    • Preparedness
    • Rapid needs assessment
    • Response
    • Surveillance

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