Risk factors for coronary heart disease were studied in a female population aged 20 to 69 years living in a highland community of Crete. 375 women participated in the study. Mean value of total cholesterol was 6.23 mmol/l, of HDL-cholesterol 1.41 mmol/l, of serum triglycerides 1.58 mmol/l, of serum glucose 5.36 mmol/l, of systolic blood pressure 130.64 mmHg and of diastolic blood pressure 78.07 mmHg. 46% of the study population had a body mass index higher than 27. Upon multiple regression analysis, the body mass index correlated positively and independently of age with serum lipid level and the systolic and diastolic blood pressure. The results of this study agree with data from other studies suggesting an increase in frequency of coronary heart disease risk factors in Crete over the past 20 years.
- Coronary heart disease