The isoprenoids geranylgeraniol and farnesol are required for lipid modification of several important cellular proteins. In this study the effect of perillyl alcohol (PA), an inhibitor of geranylgeranyl transferase, was examined on proliferation and apoptosis of immortalized human vascular smooth muscle cells (HVSMCs) derived from saphenous vein. PA induced a time- and concentration-dependent inhibition of cell proliferation over 3 days and 48 h exposure to PA inhibited [methyl-3H]-thymidine incorporation induced by 10% fetal calf serum in a concentration-dependent manner. Flow cytometry analysis indicated that PA reduced the proportion of cells in S phase and increased apoptosis. PA-induced apoptosis was confirmed by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT) reagent-based immunocytochemistry. In contrast, the selective inhibitors of farnesyl transferase B581 and BZA-5B were without effect. In view of the proposed role of proliferation and apoptosis in myointimal hyperplasia, inhibitors of geranylgeranyl transferases may have therapeutic potential in cardiovascular disease.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology|
|Publication status||Published - 2000|
- Geranylgeranyl transferase
- Perillyl alcohol
- Vascular smooth muscle