Tumours of the pineal region are uncommon. We report on a 62-year-old male presenting with Parinaud's syndrome and aqueduct stenosis caused by a cystic tumour in the pineal region. During surgery, adjacent to the cystic tumour, a second smaller tumour was identified, which was clearly separate from the first tumour and from the pineal gland. Histological examination disclosed the cystic tumour as an epidermoid cyst, whereas the second tumour demonstrated histological and immunohistochemical features of a pineocytoma. The unique finding of two different types of tumours in the pineal region is evaluated with regard to the histogenesis of epidermoid cysts and pineocytomas.