Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPAR) regulate the expression of genes involved in lipid metabolism, energy production, and inflammation. Their role in ischaemia-reperfusion (I/R) is less clear, although research indicates involvement of PPARs in some forms of preconditioning. This study aimed to explore the effects of PPAR-α activation on the I/R injury and potential cardioprotective downstream mechanisms involved. Langendorff-perfused hearts of rats pretreated with the selective PPAR-α agonist WY-14643 (WY, pirinixic acid; 3 mg·(kg body mass)·day -1; 5 days) were subjected to 30 min ischaemia - 2 h reperfusion with or without the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)-Akt inhibitor wortmannin for the evaluation of functional (left ventricular developed pressure, LVDP) recovery, infarct size (IS), and reperfusion-induced arrhythmias. A 2-fold increase in baseline PPAR-α mRNA levels (qPCR) in the WY-treated group and higher post-I/R PPAR-α levels compared with those in untreated controls were accompanied by similar changes in the expression of PPARα target genes PDK4 and mCPT-1, regulating glucose and fatty acid metabolism, and by enhanced Akt phosphorylation. Post-ischaemic LVDP restoration in WY-treated hearts reached 60% ± 9% of the pre-ischaemic values compared with 24% ± 3% in the control hearts (P < 0.05), coupled with reduced IS and incidence of ventricular fibrillation that was blunted by wortmannin. Results indicate that PPAR-α up-regulation may confer preconditioning-like protection via metabolic effects. Downstream mechanisms of PPAR-α-mediated cardioprotection may involve PI3K-Akt activation.
- Metabolic genes
- Myocardial ischaemia-reperfusion
- PPAR-α activation