Preliminary psychometric properties of the CFTIndex in Greece: the perspective of physical education

Elisavet Konstantinidou, Vasiliki Zisi, Maria Michalopoulou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The promotion of creativity has been proved a necessity in the education process. The research on creativity in physical education though is very limited worldwide and there is a lack of multilingual evaluation instruments. In the current study, the Creativity Fostering Teacher Index (CFTIndex) was translated and culturally adapted in Greek and further checked for its stability and internal consistency. The final version of the Greek CFTIndex (Gr-CFTIndex) was assessed for items stability, sub-scales and total instrument internal consistency using a sample of 220 primary physical educators. Items stability was measured with Kendall's τc and was found to have a moderate positive significant correlation (+0.3 < τc > +0.8, p <.01). Exploratory factor analysis yielded six factors and their Cronbach alpha coefficients varied from.695 to.897. The total internal consistency of the Gr-CFTIndex was high (α =.92). All sub-scales’ inter-correlations were positive and significant.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)409-426
Number of pages18
JournalEarly Child Development and Care
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 4 Mar 2015


  • classroom environment
  • creativity
  • physical education
  • teachers’ behaviours
  • teachers’ perceptions


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