Presumed infective meningoencephalitis complicated by bilateral optic neuritis

Daniel M. Gore, G. D. Hildebrand, R. Sekhri, P. Nicolaides, J. Leitch

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Abstract

PURPOSE. To report a case of presumed infective meningoencephalitis complicated by bilateral optic neuritis. METHODS. Interventional case report. RESULTS. A 7-year-old Pakistani girl presented with fever and multiple right-sided focal seizures. Despite empirical treatment with antibiotic, anti-viral and anti-tuberculous therapy for presumed infective meningoencephalitis, she further deteriorated, developing altered consciousness, hemiplegia and severe, bilateral optic neuritis. No infectious agent could be identified. Following the addition of high dose systemic corticosteroid therapy, her optic nerve function in both eyes began to recover. At 3-month follow-up, the hemiplegia had completely resolved, and visual acuity was 6/6 bilaterally with normal pupillary responses. CONCLUSIONS. This case demonstrates that meningoencephalitis of presumed infective origin may be complicated by acute, severe, bilateral optic neuritis, the latter often mediating profound visual loss. In the setting of rapidly deteriorating vision, aggressive corticosteroid treatment, with antimicrobial cover, albeit unproven, remains the mainstay of treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)864-866
Number of pages3
JournalEuropean Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume17
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2007

Keywords

  • Encephalitis
  • Meningitis
  • Optic neuritis

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    Gore, D. M., Hildebrand, G. D., Sekhri, R., Nicolaides, P., & Leitch, J. (2007). Presumed infective meningoencephalitis complicated by bilateral optic neuritis. European Journal of Ophthalmology, 17(5), 864-866.