Profile of Tabriz Older People Health Survey (TOPS-2019): a representative community-based cross-sectional study

Mostafa Araj-Khodaei, Sarvin Sanaie, Seyed Aria Nejadghaderi, Mark J.M. Sullman, Sirous Samei-Sis, Somaiyeh Taheri-Targhi, Zahra Yousefi, Hossein Matlabi, Saeid Safiri, Akbar Azizi-Zeinalhajlou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Population aging and its consequences are a substantial global concern. The growth in the number of older people is one of the most important factors increasing the burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) on society. The Tabriz Older People Health Survey aimed to understand the socio-demographics, health-related behaviors, and health profile of older adults. This cross-sectional study was conducted on a representative sample of 1362 community-dwelling older adults in Tabriz, the most populated city in northwest Iran. The study used probability proportionate to size sampling and the data collection was undertaken in each participants’ place of residence from July 2019 to January 2020. Trained interviewers administered the questionnaire, which measured each participant’s socio-demographics, health-related behaviors, and health profile. The sample of 1362 participants consisted of 56.4% women and 54.4% were young older people (60–69 years old). Almost half of the sample were completely illiterate. There was no daily walking in 13.3% of the sample, with women reporting a more sedentary lifestyle than men. Almost 10% of the participants (n = 135, 9.9%) were current smokers, which was higher among men (20.9% vs. 1.5%) and women made up over 88% of those living alone. In terms of sleep quality score (men: 4.63 ± 2.70, women: 5.97 ± 2.93), anxiety (men: 5.79 ± 4.70, women: 7.59 ± 5.51), depression (men: 9.54 ± 3.20, women: 10.63 ± 3.09), and social support (men: 23.65 ± 4.50, women: 22.69 ± 4.77), men were significantly better than women. There were also significant sex differences between women and men in the prevalence of diabetes (31.6% vs. 19.5%) and hypertension (86.5% vs. 73.4%). Furthermore, overall hypertension was the most common underlying disease (81.0%). Older women were significantly worse off than older men, in terms of social and disability-related, as well as having a higher burden from several NCDs. The results of this study might help regional health policymakers to identify targets for improving the health status among community-housed geriatrics.

Original languageEnglish
Article number17879
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022


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