Randomised controlled trial of interferon alfa 2A (rbe) (Roferon-A) for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection: Factors that influence response

M. G. Brook, J. A. McDonald, P. Karayiannis, L. Caruso, G. Forster, J. R W Harris, H. C. Thomas

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Abstract

In a randomised controlled trial recombinant interferon alpha 2A (Roferon-A, rIFN alfa A) given at a dosage of 10 million units (MU)/m2 thrice weekly for six months was significantly better (p < 0.02) than no treatment in producing a sustained loss of hepatitis Be antigen (HBeAg) in hepatitis B virus (HBV) chronic carriers. Although lower doses (5 MU/m2 and 2.5 MU/m2) also produced some responses, the seroconversion rate was not significantly greater than that observed in the control group. Sixteen of the 45 patients receiving interferon were human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibody positive: none of these responded. Forty one per cent of the anti-HIV negative patients receiving interferon (12/29, p < 0.005) lost HBeAg and 17% (5/29) lost hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg). The response rate among these anti-HIV negative patients receiving at last three months therapy was 46% and 19% respectively. Low pretreatment HBV-DNA and absence of anti-HIV were the only significant independent variables predicting response to therapy (p < 0.03 and p < 0.05 respectively). In six patients, neutralising antibodies to alpha interferon were detected during therapy, the majority being non-responders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1116-1122
Number of pages7
JournalGut
Volume30
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1989

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Chronic Hepatitis B
Virus Diseases
Hepatitis B virus
Randomized Controlled Trials
HIV
Hepatitis B e Antigens
Interferons
Therapeutics
Hepatitis B Surface Antigens
Neutralizing Antibodies
Interferon-alpha
Control Groups
interferon alfa-2a
Antibodies
DNA

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Brook, M. G. ; McDonald, J. A. ; Karayiannis, P. ; Caruso, L. ; Forster, G. ; Harris, J. R W ; Thomas, H. C. / Randomised controlled trial of interferon alfa 2A (rbe) (Roferon-A) for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection : Factors that influence response. In: Gut. 1989 ; Vol. 30, No. 8. pp. 1116-1122.
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abstract = "In a randomised controlled trial recombinant interferon alpha 2A (Roferon-A, rIFN alfa A) given at a dosage of 10 million units (MU)/m2 thrice weekly for six months was significantly better (p < 0.02) than no treatment in producing a sustained loss of hepatitis Be antigen (HBeAg) in hepatitis B virus (HBV) chronic carriers. Although lower doses (5 MU/m2 and 2.5 MU/m2) also produced some responses, the seroconversion rate was not significantly greater than that observed in the control group. Sixteen of the 45 patients receiving interferon were human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibody positive: none of these responded. Forty one per cent of the anti-HIV negative patients receiving interferon (12/29, p < 0.005) lost HBeAg and 17{\%} (5/29) lost hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg). The response rate among these anti-HIV negative patients receiving at last three months therapy was 46{\%} and 19{\%} respectively. Low pretreatment HBV-DNA and absence of anti-HIV were the only significant independent variables predicting response to therapy (p < 0.03 and p < 0.05 respectively). In six patients, neutralising antibodies to alpha interferon were detected during therapy, the majority being non-responders.",
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Randomised controlled trial of interferon alfa 2A (rbe) (Roferon-A) for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection : Factors that influence response. / Brook, M. G.; McDonald, J. A.; Karayiannis, P.; Caruso, L.; Forster, G.; Harris, J. R W; Thomas, H. C.

In: Gut, Vol. 30, No. 8, 1989, p. 1116-1122.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Brook, M. G.

AU - McDonald, J. A.

AU - Karayiannis, P.

AU - Caruso, L.

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AU - Harris, J. R W

AU - Thomas, H. C.

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