Restless legs syndrome in adolescents: Relationship with sleep quality, cardiorespiratory fitness and body fat

Christoforos D. Giannaki, Georgios M. Hadjigeorgiou, George Aphamis, Marios Pantzaris, Giorgos K. Sakkas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: The aim of the current study was to investigate the relationship between restless legs syndrome (RLS) and cardiorespiratory fitness, body composition and sleep quality in a sample of adolescents. Methods: One hundred fifty seven volunteer adolescents (16.6 ± 0.7 yrs) participated in the study. Sleep quality was assessed by the Pittsburg sleep quality index. Cardiorespiratory fitness was assessed by the 20 m shuttle run test and body composition by bioelectrical impedance analysis. Results: The prevalence of RLS was 5.1%. The adolescents with RLS were found to exhibit significantly higher body fat levels (p=0.019) and poorer sleep quality score (p=0.000) compared with their free-RLS counterparts. Conclusions: Adolescents with RLS are subjects of higher body fat and impaired sleep quality compared with adolescents without RLS. Early diagnosis and appropriate management of RLS is essential in the adolescents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7-10
Number of pages4
JournalSleep Science
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Body composition
  • Cyprus
  • Restless legs syndrome
  • Sleep disorders

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