Risk-based internal audit: factors related to its implementation

Petros Lois, George Drogalas, Michail Nerantzidis, Ifigenia Georgiou, Eleni Gkampeta

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Purpose: This study aims to investigate the factors associated with the implementation of risk-based internal audit (RBIA). Design/methodology/approach: As a first step, a literature review of the relevant literature is performed and five potential factors related to the implementation of RBIA are identified. Based on that, this paper constructs a questionnaire survey sent out to 185 internal auditors, executives and accountants in Greece to receive 90 responses during the period of November 2019–January 2020. Multiple regression analysis is conducted to identify the factors related to the implementation of RBIA. Findings: This paper shows that there is a statistically significant positive relationship between the implementation of RBIA and: the provision of risk management training, an active audit committee role and the establishment of a formalized risk management system. Practical implications: The results have important implications for internal auditors, chief executive officers and accountants who wish to enhance internal audit effectiveness and the accuracy and quality of financial information. Originality/value: Empirical studies on the factors related to the implementation of RBIA are rare. This is the first study to create empirical variables based on a thorough review of the relevant literature to empirically investigate the factors that are related to the implementation of RBIA in an emerging economy. By focusing on the Greek context, this study also sheds light to other countries with similar corporate governance systems, thus providing insights to settings where the Type II agency problem exists (La Porta et al., 1999).

    Original languageEnglish
    JournalCorporate Governance (Bingley)
    Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021


    • Auditing
    • Greece
    • Internal audit
    • Risk management
    • Risk-based internal audit


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