Successful Delivery in VANETs with Damaged Infrastructures Based on Double Cluster Head Selection

Grace Khayat, Constandinos X. Mavromoustakis, George Mastorakis, Jordi Mongay Batalla, Hoda Maalouf, Shahid Mumtaz, Evangelos Pallis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Disconnected communication is one of the results of infrastructure failure due to the direct impact of natural disasters. This paper proposes a solution to the failure of packet transmission in Vehicular ad-hoc networks (VANET) in disaster cases where vehicles encounter disconnected communication. Clustering is one of the most common routing protocols in VANET. Clustering protocols are proven to be highly effective in a scalable network. For stable cluster formation in VANET, some constraints such as vehicles velocity and vehicles separation distance must be considered while selecting the cluster head. The cluster head is the node responsible for data propagation to the infrastructure. This paper tackles the problem when the cluster head is unable to successfully transmit the packets to the infrastructure due to its failure in crisis scenario. A new clustering algorithm based on a weighted formula for cluster head selection is proposed. The weighted formula is based on three parameters: the trust, the distance, and the velocity. The protocol will ensure to have overlapping clusters with double cluster heads thus guaranteeing the successful packet delivery to the destination. The proposed protocol had been simulated using MATLAB to ensure that the packets are delivered to their destination in a reasonable delay.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2020 IEEE 25th International Workshop on Computer Aided Modeling and Design of Communication Links and Networks, CAMAD 2020 - Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781728163390
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2020
Event25th IEEE International Workshop on Computer Aided Modeling and Design of Communication Links and Networks, CAMAD 2020 - Pisa, Italy
Duration: 14 Sep 202016 Sep 2020

Publication series

NameIEEE International Workshop on Computer Aided Modeling and Design of Communication Links and Networks, CAMAD
Volume2020-September
ISSN (Electronic)2378-4873

Conference

Conference25th IEEE International Workshop on Computer Aided Modeling and Design of Communication Links and Networks, CAMAD 2020
Country/TerritoryItaly
CityPisa
Period14/09/2016/09/20

Keywords

  • Cluster
  • cluster head
  • cluster member
  • crisis
  • double cluster head
  • Infrastructure
  • Retransmission
  • Roadside Unit (RSU)
  • VANET

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Successful Delivery in VANETs with Damaged Infrastructures Based on Double Cluster Head Selection'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this