It is widely accepted that the transport sector is currently the driving force of the economy in every country all around the world. It is the key to a well-functioning internal market and the ability of all countries and regions to remain part of a fully integrated world economy. A transportation system can enhance the productivity and quality of life of a community if properly planned and managed. At the same time, development stimulates demand for transport. Although the needs in passenger and freight transportation are increasing at rates greater than the economy and population growth, the transport sector cannot be characterized sustainable long term. There is now an increased understanding of the need to design urban transport and land-use systems to be more sustainable, and of the policies which are needed to achieve this. Efficient, sustainable transport with less congestion and fewer emissions that enables economic growth and job creation is a precondition for maintaining a country's prosperity. This chapter describes the current situation of urban transport, giving more emphasis in the urban transport of European cities, and discusses the term 'sustainability' and how could this be applied to transportation. The chapter then shows why urban transport needs change and proposes different strategies for implementation in order to achieve sustainable urban transport. Finally, the chapter ends with describing what the future of the transport sector would be in the next 20 years.
|Title of host publication||Sustainability behind Sustainability|
|Publisher||Nova Science Publishers, Inc.|
|Number of pages||25|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jul 2014|