The burden of dermatitis from 1990–2019 in the Middle East and North Africa region

Saeid Safiri, Mehran Jaberinezhad, Seyed Ehsan Mousavi, Kimia Motlagh Asghari, Ali Shamekh, Seyed Aria Nejadghaderi, Mark J.M. Sullman, Yousef Houshyar, Elham Behrangi, Ali Asghar Kolahi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: There are several types of dermatitis, each capable of causing enduring changes that extend beyond physical discomfort. In severe cases, dermatitis can significantly affect mental health, social interactions, and the overall quality of life. This study reports the burden of dermatitis in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region from 1990 to 2019, according to sex, age category, and socio-demographic index (SDI). Methods: Publicly available data regarding the point prevalence, incidence, and years lived with disability (YLDs) were collected from the Global Burden of Disease 2019 study for both the MENA region and its constituent countries. The point prevalence, incidence, and YLDs of dermatitis were represented as counts and age-standardised rates with 95% uncertainty intervals (UIs). Results: In 2019, the age-standardised point prevalence of dermatitis was 2744.6 (2517.8–3003.1) per 100,000 population, which was 2.3% lower than in 1990. The YLD rate was 92.3 (55.6–143.4) per 100,000 population, which was 3.1% lower than in 1990. The largest point prevalence rates were observed among those aged 70–74, for both sexes. The 2019 MENA/Global DALY ratio was not above one in any age group for either sex. During the period 1990 to 2019, there was no clear correlation between the burden of dermatitis and the SDI level. Conclusion: The dermatitis burden in the MENA region remained relatively stable from 1990 to 2019. Future prevention efforts should focus on improving healthcare access, health education, and workplace safety regulations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number399
JournalBMC Public Health
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2024


  • Dermatitis
  • Epidemiology
  • Middle East and North Africa
  • Mortality
  • Year-lived with disability


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