The Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) amongst young Spanish adults

Maria Eugenia Gras, Sílvia Font-Mayolas, Alícia Baltasar, Josefina Patiño, Mark J.M. Sullman, Montserrat Planes

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    The interest in resilience has grown over the last few decades due to its relationships with health, well-being, and quality of life. Several instruments have been developed to measure resilience, with one of the most common being the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC). This scale has been validated in many cultures with divergent results. This paper investigates the factor structure of the CD-RISC. Participants were 3,214 students (62.1% female, mean age = 21.01, SD = 2.86) who were randomly divided into two equal subsamples (n = 1,607). One subsample was used to explore which models best fit the data and these models were fitted using the other subsample. Confirmatory factor analysis did not support the original 5-factor CD-RISC. The analyses supported unidimensional scale structures for both the 22-item and 10-item versions of the scale. The shorter instrument reduces the time needed to answer the questionnaire, allows it to be combined with other instruments, and does not require large sample sizes.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)73-79
    Number of pages7
    JournalClinica y Salud
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 10 Jul 2019


    • Resilience Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) Young Spanish adults


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