The effect of depression and anxiety on the TOMM in community-dwelling older adults

Lee Ashendorf, Marios Constantinou, Robert J. McCaffrey

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111 Citations (Scopus)


Tests of possible malingering are in increasing demand among neuropsychologists. The Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) is resistant to many neurological conditions, including traumatic brain injury, dementia, and aphasia. Less clear is the impact of psychological conditions on TOMM performance. This study examined a sample of community-based older adults (55-75) to determine whether scores on the TOMM are influenced by the presence of symptoms of depression or anxiety, as measured by the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), respectively. The results indicate that, regardless of BDI or STAI scores, all subjects scored above 45 correct out of 50 on TOMM Trial 2. These findings demonstrate that depression and anxiety levels in an older community-dwelling sample do not negatively affect performance on the TOMM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)125-130
Number of pages6
JournalArchives of Clinical Neuropsychology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2004


  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Malingering
  • Neuropsychological
  • TOMM


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