The influence of carbon nanotubes and shape memory alloy wires to controlled impact resistance of polymer composites

Katerina Sofocleous, Vasileios M. Drakonakis, Stephen L. Ogin, Charalabos Doumanidis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Matrix as well as interlayer regions of laminated polymer composites have been reinforced with carbon nanotubes, additionally to shape memory alloy wires, in order to further enhance the overall material toughness and introduce the improved impact resistance mechanisms through micro- and nano-engineering. In this work, we examine carbon fiber reinforced polymer composites with constant carbon fiber volume fraction, further reinforced with carbon nanotube and shape memory alloy wires, under controlled impact. Single-type as well as multiple-type impact tests have been carried out, demonstrating that the energy absorption and damage development are similar in both impact tests for the same material. When the carbon nanotube and shape memory alloy wires reinforcements are compared separately, shape memory alloy-reinforced carbon fiber reinforced polymers present higher energy absorption than the carbon nanotube-reinforced carbon fiber reinforced polymers. When they are combined, although the carbon nanotube + shape memory alloy-reinforced carbon fiber reinforced polymers present similar energy absorption improvement to shape memory alloy-only carbon fiber reinforced polymers, the carbon nanotube addition increases toughness, resulting in damage initiation at higher depths of impact penetration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)273-285
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Composite Materials
Volume51
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017

Keywords

  • carbon nanotubes
  • Carbonfibers
  • composite materials
  • impact
  • shape memory alloy wires

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