The motivation behind an international entrepreneurial career after first employment experience

Demetris Vrontis, Hani El Chaarani, Sam El Nemar, Zouhour EL-Abiad, Rayan Ali, Eleni Trichina

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to extend the current literature on international entrepreneurial careers by employing the structural equation modeling (SEM) technique. It mainly aims at identifying determinants of international entrepreneurial intentions among young people and after their first employment experience in Lebanon. Design/methodology/approach: The paper uses SEM on a sample of 150 young Lebanese employees to analyze the relationships among the model constructs. Findings: The SEM broadly holds and adequately fits the data. The entrepreneurship context and the motivation of young employees are the variables that positively affect entrepreneurial intentions. Entrepreneurship education and social norms have no statistically significant impact. Finally, risk awareness and professional experience are the variables that negatively affect entrepreneurial intentions. The level of international entrepreneurial intentions among young Lebanese employees is relatively low, which may be justified by the bad economic and political situation. Research limitations/implications: Data were drawn from organizations located in a specific geographical area, namely, Lebanon. Thus, this may constrain the generalizability as well as causality of the results. Originality/value: This study provides an empirical explanation of having an international entrepreneurial career after the first employment experience, with a sample of 150 young employees in Lebanon. By applying the SEM, this study developed a multi-perspective framework covering various factors that may affect the choice of an international career in entrepreneurship, especially after the first job experience. Even though this study's results reflect a particular case, its recommendations could facilitate the achievement of better learning outcomes.

    Original languageEnglish
    JournalInternational Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour and Research
    Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021


    • Desirability–feasibility interactions
    • Entrepreneurial intention
    • International entrepreneurship
    • Lebanon
    • Motivation
    • Structural equation modeling


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