Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to review the Mediterranean diet and its association to disease and health benefits derived from the adherence to it. Design/methodology/approach: The review includes the most updated studies found in PubMed all in relation to the adaptation of the Mediterranean diet. Findings: The cardioprotection of Mediterranean diet has been established. A number of cancer types could be prevented by following the Mediterranean type diet and the specific ingredients of it are also investigated to find their impact on health. Longevity is also favored by the adoption of this dietary pattern as is the population group diagnosed with metabolic syndrome and mental health disorders. The results about its consumption and obesity need further investigation. Patients with HIV, being on specific treatment, are advised not to follow the Mediterranean diet. Originality/value: This paper gives a concise, up-to-date overview to nutritionists and dietitians on the Mediterranean diet and its relation to health and disease.
- Cardiovascular disease