The second law of systems

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper asserts that the Second Law of Thermodynamics (SLT) despite holding true in all laboratory tests heretofore conducted, cannot, by itself, explain the hierarchical universe. By examination of the existing evidence, the view will be supported that the exact opposite of the SLT is as natural as the SLT itself. This view, or principle, is called the Second Law of Systems (SLS), namely, that things tend to become more and more orderly if they are left to themselves. The theoretical and practical implications of accepting the SLS and establishing its coexistence with the SLT are evidently tremendous. The exclusive acceptance of the SLT has given scientific thought a pessimistic cast which will no longer prevail if the SLS is valid. Moreover, studying the complicated mechanisms giving rise to SLS could lead to the building of systems with similar properties, that is bring about systems exhibiting true self-adaptive properties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of General Systems
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1977

Fingerprint

Second Law of Thermodynamics
Thermodynamics
Coexistence
Thing
Tend
Valid

Keywords

  • entropy
  • general systems
  • Organization
  • second law of thermodynamics
  • stability theory

Cite this

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abstract = "This paper asserts that the Second Law of Thermodynamics (SLT) despite holding true in all laboratory tests heretofore conducted, cannot, by itself, explain the hierarchical universe. By examination of the existing evidence, the view will be supported that the exact opposite of the SLT is as natural as the SLT itself. This view, or principle, is called the Second Law of Systems (SLS), namely, that things tend to become more and more orderly if they are left to themselves. The theoretical and practical implications of accepting the SLS and establishing its coexistence with the SLT are evidently tremendous. The exclusive acceptance of the SLT has given scientific thought a pessimistic cast which will no longer prevail if the SLS is valid. Moreover, studying the complicated mechanisms giving rise to SLS could lead to the building of systems with similar properties, that is bring about systems exhibiting true self-adaptive properties.",
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The second law of systems. / Makridakis, Spyros.

In: International Journal of General Systems, Vol. 4, No. 1, 01.01.1977, p. 1-12.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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