Track and field throwing performance prediction: Training intervention, muscle architecture adaptations and field tests explosiveness ability

Nikolaos Zaras, Angeliki Nikoletta Stasinaki, Spyridon Methenitis, Giorgos Karampatsos, Ioannis Fatouros, Marios Hadjicharalambous, Gerasimos Terzis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether a) modification in muscle architecture due to training intervention and b) neuromuscular explosive field tests results may predict competition performance in track and field throwing athletes. Methods: Eleven track and field throwers completed 10 weeks of specific training that was performed prior to the summer official national competition. Before and following the 10 weeks of training programe, track and field throwing trials, vastus lateralis muscle architecture, shot put tests, standing long jump, and 40m sprinting were evaluated. Results: Track and field throwing performance, muscle thickness, fascicle length and power-position shot put throw all increased by 5.78 ± 2.82% (P = 0.000), 6.2 ± 7.4% (P = 0.01), 10.5 ± 13.1% (P = 0.02) and 2.8 ± 3.9% (P = 0.04), respectively. Sprinting time in 40m decreased by-1.2 ± 1.0% (P = 0.004), whilst, work power output during the standing long-jump increased by 1.7 ± 2.5% (P = 0.03) when compared between pre-and post-training intervention. The power-position shot put throwing result was positively correlated with the increase in standing long-jump (r = 0.81, P < 0.01) and with the increase in 40m sprint (r =-0.63, P < 0.05) performances. The increase in muscle thickness was positively correlated with the increase in 40m sprint performance (r = 0.62, P < 0.05). The multiple linear regression analysis, combining the percentage alteration in backward shot put throw and vastus lateralis thickness with the proportional increase in track and field throwing competition performance, explains the 56% increase observed in throwing competition result. Conclusions: These results may suggest that consistent examination of muscle thickness and evaluation of throwing ability using explosive field tests during a training period both may be used to predict the increase in track and field throwing competive performance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number64
Pages (from-to)436-443
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physical Education and Sport
Volume19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2019

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Track and Field
Muscles
Quadriceps Muscle
Athletes
Linear Models
Regression Analysis

Keywords

  • Athletics throwing performance
  • Explosive field tests
  • Muscle thickness
  • Strength-power

Cite this

Zaras, Nikolaos ; Stasinaki, Angeliki Nikoletta ; Methenitis, Spyridon ; Karampatsos, Giorgos ; Fatouros, Ioannis ; Hadjicharalambous, Marios ; Terzis, Gerasimos. / Track and field throwing performance prediction : Training intervention, muscle architecture adaptations and field tests explosiveness ability. In: Journal of Physical Education and Sport. 2019 ; Vol. 19. pp. 436-443.
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abstract = "Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether a) modification in muscle architecture due to training intervention and b) neuromuscular explosive field tests results may predict competition performance in track and field throwing athletes. Methods: Eleven track and field throwers completed 10 weeks of specific training that was performed prior to the summer official national competition. Before and following the 10 weeks of training programe, track and field throwing trials, vastus lateralis muscle architecture, shot put tests, standing long jump, and 40m sprinting were evaluated. Results: Track and field throwing performance, muscle thickness, fascicle length and power-position shot put throw all increased by 5.78 ± 2.82{\%} (P = 0.000), 6.2 ± 7.4{\%} (P = 0.01), 10.5 ± 13.1{\%} (P = 0.02) and 2.8 ± 3.9{\%} (P = 0.04), respectively. Sprinting time in 40m decreased by-1.2 ± 1.0{\%} (P = 0.004), whilst, work power output during the standing long-jump increased by 1.7 ± 2.5{\%} (P = 0.03) when compared between pre-and post-training intervention. The power-position shot put throwing result was positively correlated with the increase in standing long-jump (r = 0.81, P < 0.01) and with the increase in 40m sprint (r =-0.63, P < 0.05) performances. The increase in muscle thickness was positively correlated with the increase in 40m sprint performance (r = 0.62, P < 0.05). The multiple linear regression analysis, combining the percentage alteration in backward shot put throw and vastus lateralis thickness with the proportional increase in track and field throwing competition performance, explains the 56{\%} increase observed in throwing competition result. Conclusions: These results may suggest that consistent examination of muscle thickness and evaluation of throwing ability using explosive field tests during a training period both may be used to predict the increase in track and field throwing competive performance.",
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Track and field throwing performance prediction : Training intervention, muscle architecture adaptations and field tests explosiveness ability. / Zaras, Nikolaos; Stasinaki, Angeliki Nikoletta; Methenitis, Spyridon; Karampatsos, Giorgos; Fatouros, Ioannis; Hadjicharalambous, Marios; Terzis, Gerasimos.

In: Journal of Physical Education and Sport, Vol. 19, 64, 01.02.2019, p. 436-443.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Track and field throwing performance prediction

T2 - Training intervention, muscle architecture adaptations and field tests explosiveness ability

AU - Zaras, Nikolaos

AU - Stasinaki, Angeliki Nikoletta

AU - Methenitis, Spyridon

AU - Karampatsos, Giorgos

AU - Fatouros, Ioannis

AU - Hadjicharalambous, Marios

AU - Terzis, Gerasimos

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AB - Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether a) modification in muscle architecture due to training intervention and b) neuromuscular explosive field tests results may predict competition performance in track and field throwing athletes. Methods: Eleven track and field throwers completed 10 weeks of specific training that was performed prior to the summer official national competition. Before and following the 10 weeks of training programe, track and field throwing trials, vastus lateralis muscle architecture, shot put tests, standing long jump, and 40m sprinting were evaluated. Results: Track and field throwing performance, muscle thickness, fascicle length and power-position shot put throw all increased by 5.78 ± 2.82% (P = 0.000), 6.2 ± 7.4% (P = 0.01), 10.5 ± 13.1% (P = 0.02) and 2.8 ± 3.9% (P = 0.04), respectively. Sprinting time in 40m decreased by-1.2 ± 1.0% (P = 0.004), whilst, work power output during the standing long-jump increased by 1.7 ± 2.5% (P = 0.03) when compared between pre-and post-training intervention. The power-position shot put throwing result was positively correlated with the increase in standing long-jump (r = 0.81, P < 0.01) and with the increase in 40m sprint (r =-0.63, P < 0.05) performances. The increase in muscle thickness was positively correlated with the increase in 40m sprint performance (r = 0.62, P < 0.05). The multiple linear regression analysis, combining the percentage alteration in backward shot put throw and vastus lateralis thickness with the proportional increase in track and field throwing competition performance, explains the 56% increase observed in throwing competition result. Conclusions: These results may suggest that consistent examination of muscle thickness and evaluation of throwing ability using explosive field tests during a training period both may be used to predict the increase in track and field throwing competive performance.

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KW - Explosive field tests

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