Transmyocardial laser induces coronary hyperemia and reduces ischemia-related arrhythmias, but fails to delay development of myocardial necrosis after coronary artery occlusion in pigs

O. Tjomsland, F. Grund, G. K. Kanellopoulos, K. Kvernebo, A. Ilebekk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background. Several investigators have reported that transmyocardial revascularization (TMR) prior to acute coronary artery occlusion improves regional myocardial function and reduces the infarct size in animals with significant coronary collateral circulation. Whether the protective effect of TMR is due to perfusion through the laser-made channels, increased collateral flow or other mechanisms remains unresolved. The aim of this study was to investigate whether TMR performed prior to acute coronary artery occlusion could offer protection from ischemic injury in the pig, an animal with limited native collateral coronary circulation. Methods. In one group (n = 4), TMR was performed in the anterior wall of the left ventricle 30 minutes prior to occlusion of the proximal LAD for 45 minutes. The other group (n = 6) was subjected to transient ischemia of the same duration without previous TMR. Area at risk and infarct size were determined after sacrifice. Results. No significant difference was found in the infarct size between the two groups (69 ± 2% in the TMR group versus 62 ± 4% in the control group). However the arrhythmic index during the period of ischemia was significantly lower in the TMR group (1.0 ± 0.3 vs 8.3 ± 2.2, p < 0.001). Blood flow in LAD increased to a maximum of 135 ± 6% of baseline level three minutes after the end of the TMR procedure. Conclusions. TMR failed to reduce the ionfarct size following acute coronary artery occlusion in the pig, an animal with a small collateral coronary flow capacity, but reduced ischemia-related arrhythmias and increased coronary flow transiently.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)325-331
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Surgery
Volume40
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1999

Keywords

  • Arrhythmia
  • Laser surgery
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Myocardial ischemia
  • Swine

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