Vernonia kotschyana roots: Therapeutic potential via antioxidant activity

Alexandru Vasincu, Berit S. Paulsen, Drissa Diallo, Ioana Vasincu, Ana C. Aprotosoaie, Veronica Bild, Christiana Charalambous, Andreas I. Constantinou, Anca Miron, Cristina M. Gavrilescu

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8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The roots of Vernonia kotschyana Sch. Bip. ex Walp. (Asteraceae) are used in Malian traditional medicine in the treatment of gastroduodenal ulcers and gastritis. Since oxidative stress is involved in gastric ulceration, the aim of this study was to screen the root extracts for their in vitro antioxidant activity and phenolic content. The roots were extracted successively with chloroform, ethyl acetate, ethanol and water. The antioxidant activity of root extracts was evaluated in both cell-free and cell-based assays. Their chemical characterization was performed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) whereas the total phenolic content was determined by the Folin-Ciocalteu method. The ethyl acetate extract displayed the highest phenolic content and was found to be the most active in the free radical scavenging and lipid peroxidation inhibition assays; it also showed a high antioxidant activity in MCF-12F cells. This study suggests a potential use of the ethyl acetate extract of Vernonia kotschyana not only as an antioxidant agent in gastroduodenal ulcers and gastritis, but also in other disorders characterized by high levels of oxidative stress.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19114-19136
Number of pages23
JournalMolecules
Volume19
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2014

Keywords

  • Ethyl acetate extract
  • Free radical scavenging activity
  • FT-IR spectroscopy
  • Lipid peroxidation inhibition
  • Phenolic content
  • Vernonia kotschyana

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    Vasincu, A., Paulsen, B. S., Diallo, D., Vasincu, I., Aprotosoaie, A. C., Bild, V., Charalambous, C., Constantinou, A. I., Miron, A., & Gavrilescu, C. M. (2014). Vernonia kotschyana roots: Therapeutic potential via antioxidant activity. Molecules, 19(11), 19114-19136. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules191119114